Tar command is very helpful to stores and extracts files from a tape or disk archive. This post describes how we can extract that file formats are .tar.gz (or) .tgz (or) .tar
tar -zxvf FILENAME.tar.gz
x: Stands for "--extract" which means extract files from an archive
v: Stands for "--verbose" This option will list all of the files one by one in the archive.
z: This option is important and tells the tar command to uncompress the file (gzip, gunzip,ungzip).
f: Tells tar that you are going to give it a file name to work with.
Some examples to extract files using the commands,
Extract .tgz file,
$ sudo tar xf archive.tgz
Extract tar.gz file,
$ sudo tar xf archive.tar.gz
List all files in archive.tar verbosely.
$ sudo tar -tvf archive.tar
Extract all files from archive.tar.
$ sudo tar -xf archive.tar