Mounting host volumes into Docker containers during build time is not recommended because the host files are not yet available during the build process. However, you can specify a volume in your Dockerfile and then mount the volume when you run the container.
However, you can specify which directories or files from the host machine should be copied into the Docker image using the COPY or ADD instructions in the Dockerfile. For example:
COPY /path/on/host /path/in/container
This will copy the contents of the /path/on/host directory on the host machine into the /path/in/container directory in the Docker container during the build process.
If you want to mount a host volume into a Docker container at runtime (when the container is actually created and started), you can use the -v or --mount option when running the docker run command. For example:
docker run -v /path/on/host:/path/in/container some-image
This will mount the /path/on/host directory on the host machine into the /path/in/container directory in the Docker container when the container is started.